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Under ACA, some mom-and-pop businesses will be booted out of small group health insurance market


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For years, mom-and-pop businesses without employees and partnerships owned by two people would buy health insurance in New Jersey's state-regulated small group market. Under the Affordable Care Act, that will end in 2014, and they will have to shop in the state-regulated individual health insurance market instead.

Eileen Shrem, a health insurance broker based in Bradley Beach, said the ACA mandates that a small group have at least one employee in order to use the small group market.

But she said it's not clear if a business can be owned by one spouse with the other spouse getting a salary as an employee and still remain in the small group market.

Insurance broker Dutch Vanderhoof, a member of the state's Small Employer Health Benefits Program Board, said there is going to be "significant dislocation in the small employer market." But it was not immediately clear whether the change means higher insurance premiums.

Shrem said nearly all of her clients are mom-and-pop businesses, and 90 percent of them will have to move to the individual market. Some will pay less for an individual policy because they will qualify for a federal subsidy under the ACA — but because the website is still not working properly, she is having trouble arranging for subsidized coverage.

Vanderhoof said the variety of plans available in the individual market is far less than the group market, and the rates in some cases are dramatically higher. He cited one estimate that a third of those who migrate to the individual market will find a lower-priced plan, a third will see little change, and a third will face significantly higher prices.

David Oscar, a health insurance broker with Altigro, estimated that about 1,000 of his clients will have to shift from the small group to the individual market as their policies come due over the next few months.

"I have a lot of husband-and-wife groups, and I have a lot of small groups that are partners — maybe they are two brothers who are partners — and they will all have to go to the individual market," Oscar said.

Shrem said she has been aware of the new rule since August and said the change has been communicated to health insurance brokers who have been trained to carry out the ACA.

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Beth Fitzgerald

Beth Fitzgerald

Beth Fitzgerald reports on health care, small business and higher education. She joined NJBIZ in 2008 after a 34-year career at the Star-Ledger and has been reporting on business in New Jersey since 1978. Her email is and she is @bethfitzgerald8 on Twitter.



ken said:
Didn't Obama say if you liked your plan you can keep it. VOTE GOP

September 10, 2014 7:40 am

Donna said:
My husband and I are co-owners of a business. We have worked many years to build it up and both contribute to its success. This stipulation in the ACA discriminates against traditional mom-and-pop businesses...which is a shame since these are the very businesses on which this country was built.

September 5, 2014 11:52 pm

NJ Small Business Owner said:
It's entirely unfair that businesses which are owned and operated by partners and have no common law employees are being forced by the ACA / obamacare to switch from group health insurance to individual health insurance. What good comes from it? It's just eroding the entrepreneurial backbone of our country by hurting small businesses.

June 15, 2014 2:18 am

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